Выявлен удивительный факт в отношении иерархических систем человеческого опыта. А именно: любая объективно выявленная иерархия человеческой активности (ЧА) будет представлять собою именно Ценностную Иерархию.
Criteria for “logical levels:”
1. Hierarchies of experience.
2. Higher levels organize and control
information on lower levels.
3. The modulation
effect of the system necessarily works downward.
4. The modulation effect of the system does not necessarily work upward.
5. Higher levels operate more encompassing and impactful
than the lower levels.
6. There exists a discontinuity
between the levels — a break.
7. The relationship of logic between levels creates “paradox” if we don’t sort phenomena on different levels.
8. Hierarchical logical levels function as a system
, the higher levels arise out of
the lower and feed back
information into the system to influence the lower levels. This creates recursiveness within logical levels.
9. As a cybernetic system, as information moves up logical levels new features emerge
that does not exist at the lower levels. This emergence at higher levels involve, in systems language, summitivity. In other words, the emergent property does not exist only as the sum of the parts, but new properties and qualities arise over “time” within the system.
describes one of the new features that emerge in logical levels. In living organisms this results in self-reflexiveness or self-consciousness.
11. As a system with feedback properties, logical levels operates by self-reflexiveness, the whole system becomes cybernetic. It becomes a “system that feeds back onto and changes itself” (Dilts, 1990, 33). This makes it self-organizing.